How to make scientific research achievements from the laboratory to the market
Abstract: promoting the transformation of scientific and technological achievements is the key link to implement innovation driven development, taking innovation driven as the first strategy of urban development, and scientific and technological innovation as the first engine to promote development. The driving force of enterprise growth lies in scientific and technological innovation, and the implementation of scientific and technological innovation cannot be separated from the support of the government
as a world-class consumer market of scientific research instruments and equipment, China is extremely disproportionate to its market share of Chinese enterprises. Most scientific research instruments and equipment are monopolized by foreign brands. The core technology comes from abroad and the profit is diluted, which is a problem that many industrial enterprises are facing in the development process. On the other hand, the scientific research achievements of scientific research institutions such as universities with innovative ability and technological innovation are difficult to implement, and the contradiction between the combination of production and research is prominent
recently, the author went to Guangzhou, Foshan, Dongguan, Shenzhen and other cities with the online interview activity of "made in Guangdong, strong in Guangdong - Guangdong innovation driven, intelligent manufacturing", and learned locally that at present, the intelligent equipment manufacturing industry has become one of the main development directions in various regions, and the public welfare of industrial robot manufacturing is becoming more and more mature, but on the whole, there is still a gap between the core technology and the international, accelerating the transformation of scientific research achievements, It is imperative to cultivate core competitiveness
scientific researchers out of the campus
"I now operate the electronic tensile testing machine. Don't worry. I'm a professor in the University. Out of the school, I'm also the vice president of research and development of the enterprise." Cai Nian, a professor at Guangzhou University of technology, and his team participated in the founding of a precision measurement and control enterprise in Guangdong, and served as the vice president of research and development in the enterprise. At present, the R & D team of the enterprise has applied for more than 100 patents, firmly holding the independent intellectual property rights of core products in their own hands
the biggest feature of cainian's reciprocating single screw extruder is to realize high filling processing groups of different materials. However, the achievements of the team in the past two years to participate in the establishment and operation of enterprises is an important form of current industry university cooperation: co construction and cooperation. Schools and enterprises accelerate the implementation of scientific research achievements by jointly building R & D centers and laboratories. A little different is that Cai Nian and his team are not involved in enterprise R & D through the laboratory, but directly constitute the core strength of enterprise R & D. compared with the general form of R & D organization co construction, they are more closely connected
in fact, at present, there are no few scientific researchers from universities and related institutions who participate in enterprise construction and even start their own enterprises. Many places have also made policy support for this behavior with different degrees. Teaching in "work" has also become one of the teaching methods of some tutors
however, many people in the industry hold different opinions on this. Chen Dongmin, Minister of science and Technology Development Department of Peking University, told the author earlier that university professors should not be relied on to "go overseas" to promote the transformation of scientific research achievements. In his view, on the one hand, not everyone is suitable for entrepreneurship, university teachers are not born entrepreneurs, and many people do not have business thinking; On the other hand, being an enterprise will divert considerable energy, which will more or less have a certain impact on their own work
"a group of young people with a certain scientific research foundation and business thinking can be trained on campus to set up companies to promote the implementation of research results." Chen Dongmin's suggestion
but in CAI Nian's view, the dual identity of being an academic and an enterprise will not actually cause him too much trouble. "There is no contradiction between the two, they are a mutually reinforcing relationship rather than either or." He believes that the most important thing is to find a balance between the two. Such entrepreneurship can not only promote the transformation of scientific research achievements, but also feed back the scientific research process. "In the process of enterprise innovation, it will also put forward its own needs for scientific research, clarify the direction for scientific research, and avoid useless work."
"each of our achievements will take several years or even more, and we can't put it on the shelf after hard work." Cai Nian sighed
do a good job in the "intermediary" between laboratory and market.
in addition to the "going overseas" of researchers, project cooperation and the co construction of scientific research platforms are also important ways of industry research cooperation, in which government departments have always played the role of "matchmaking". "At present, the government has participated too deeply and for a long time in the market transformation of scientific and technological achievements." In Chen Dongmin's view, the government is now doing a full range of advocacy services. First of all, once the government withdraws, the link between scientific research achievements and enterprises may be "broken"
it is understood that in foreign countries, government agencies usually play the role of standard setters and regulators, and socialized institutions "thread the needle" between enterprises and scientific research institutions. In China, at this stage, the development of social organizations (Institutions) is still lacking, and the government still needs to undertake such responsibilities
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